Ayurveda “the knowledge for long life” or ayurvedic medicine is a Hindu system of traditional medicine native to India and a form of alternative medicine. Ayurveda is the oldest healing system completely originated in India, It is also recognized by the WHO. Ayurveda uses herbs, minerals, metals, massages of various types, internal cleansing, yoga and breathing exercises.
Ayurveda follows the principle that just like everyone has a unique fingerprint, each person has a distinct pattern of energy – a combination of physical, mental, and emotional characteristics. It identifies three basic energy types called the doshas.
Principles of Ayurveda
There are three basic biological energies Vata , Pitta and Kapha (ie. Dosha).
Vata, energy that controls bodily functions associated with motion, including blood circulation, breathing, blinking, and heartbeat. When vata energy is balanced, there is creativity and vitality. Out of balance, vata produces fear and anxiety. Pitta,
Pitta, energy that controls the body’s metabolic systems, including digestion, absorption, nutrition and temperature. In balance, pitta leads to contentment and intelligence. Out of balance, pitta can cause ulcers and arouse anger.
Kapha, energy that controls growth in the body. It supplies water to all body parts, moisturises the skin, and maintains the immune system. In balance, kapha is expressed as love and forgiveness. Out of balance, kapha leads to insecurity and envy.
The main principle of treatment in Ayurveda is to maintain a balance energies Vata, Pitta and Kapha lifestyle changes, our thoughts, our diet and understanding of nature and through herbal remedies.
Everyone has vata, pitta, and kapha, but usually one or two of them are dominant in each person. The energy balance can be broken by several things, like stress, poor diet, weather, or strained family relationships. These disturbances show up as disease. There are several treatments prescribed to bring the doshas back into balance.
From a Western medical perspective, stress relief seems to be one of the ways Ayurveda works to help fight illness. For example, studies have found that transcendental meditation, a component of Maharishi Ayurveda, lowers anxiety. Studies have also pointed out that Ayurveda lowers blood pressure and cholesterol, slows the aging process, and speeds recovery from illness.
Many herbs used in Ayurvedic medicine have antioxidant effects, which means they may help protect against long-term illnesses like heart disease and arthritis. Many Ayurvedic practitioners also recommend a vegetarian diet, which is believed to be better for your heart than diets containing red meat.